“Every business must serve a social purpose”. These are not the words of a social campaigner or a politician; they are the words of a banker, Ashok Vaswani, the CEO of Retail and Business Banking at Barclays, one of the world’s largest banks. Barclays has been involved in at least one major trading scandal and holds the dubious honour of the most fined bank in Britain. There will be some people who will treat his words with understandable cynicism, but that would be to miss the point. The point is not whether the words are sincere or not – it is that they should have been said at all.
Banks are concerned with the control of money, why should they concern themselves with any purpose beyond that? The reason is that society is demanding they do. When banks first started they fulfilled a social need in the community, to enable ordinary people to fund their ambitions. Over the years, banks forgot that purpose and focused most of their efforts on funding their own ambitions through obscene profits, often at the consumer’s expense. The bubble burst in spectacular fashion with the downfall of Lehman Brothers in the US and RBS in the UK.
One of the big news stories of 2012 was Hurricane Sandy. This ‘storm of the century’ caused 85 deaths and left 8 million people on the eastern seaboard of the USA without power for several days. It was interesting to see how brands responded to this event. Some, like fashion retailers The Gap, Urban Outfitters and American Apparel, saw this as a sales opportunity and quickly launched campaigns like this one:
American Apparel targeted customers in the nine stricken states who were ‘bored’ at home and invited them to visit American Apparel for a 20% off deal.
Not unsurprisingly, consumers reacted with anger at this commercialisation of, what was, a terrible event for many people, and twitter and other social media channels were buzzing with outraged customers voicing their opinions about the apparent lack of sensitivity.
However, some other organisations chose to respond differently. For example, two brands, Duracell and Tide, found ways to help consumers in their hour of need and in so doing, created goodwill for the brand.
Duracell sent mobile charging stations to Lower Manhattan so that people could charge their flat mobile phones and connect with loved ones. Tide loaded a truck with 32 washer/dryers and sent it out on the streets so that people could wash their clothes. Now, a cynic might argue that this was just another form of marketing. That might be true in terms of the long-term effect, but I don’t believe that was their objective.
The evidence suggests that the first response of these two brands was to ask what they could do to help, rather than what they could do to sell. Why was this? Perhaps because both brands are owned by P&G whose purpose is “to touch and improve more consumers’ lives with more P&G brands and products every day”. As a result, consumers experienced these brands in a totally different way to American Apparel.
So what explains the difference in the way these brands approached the crisis? I believe that we are seeing a trend that has been around for a while, but has recently gained momentum, and relevance for organisations wishing to differentiate through the customer experience.
A different breed of organisation is emerging in this world. They succeed because they have the courage, confidence or just sheer chutzpah to pursue a purpose that is beyond profit. They see their customers and employees as members of a like-minded community. They recognise that brands can only succeed longer-term if they create value for the community at large, not just the shareholders. Even some banks are included in this socially minded vanguard. Organisations like First Direct, Umpqua and Metro Bank are customer focused, rather than shareholder focused, and, unlike some of the large brands mentioned earlier, they are attracting new customers as a result. That is not to say these brands aren’t commercially minded – they are, but they manage to make us feel that we come first.
My co-author, Andy Milligan, and I have spent three years researching brands that are transforming their markets, through delivering a distinctive customer experience across multiple channels and found they share a common approach to business; they have a purpose beyond merely making profit and are then intentional about delivering this purpose across all of their channels. Paradoxically, these brands with a purpose are more profitable.
The 2015 Havas Media ‘Meaningful Brands’ study found that purposeful brands outperform the stock market by 133%, gain 46% more share of wallet and achieve marketing results that are double those of lower rated brands. Purpose drives profits.
As Angela Ahrendts, former CEO of Burberry and now SVP of Apple Retail says; “There is always this balance between hard and soft strategies, investment and intuition, but if you have a greater purpose, it becomes relatively easy to make those calls”.